Overview:Bibliometrics and Research Evaluation: Uses and Abuses - History and Foundations of Information Science - Why bibliometrics is useful for understanding the global dynamics of science but generate perverse effects when applied inappropriately in research evaluation and university rankings.The research evaluation market is booming. "Ranking," "metrics," "h-index," and "impact factors" are reigning buzzwords. Government and research administrators want to evaluate everything-teachers, professors, training programs, universities-using quantitative indicators. Among the tools used to measure "research excellence," bibliometrics-aggregate data on publications and citations-has become dominant. Bibliometrics is hailed as an "objective" measure of research quality, a quantitative measure more useful than "subjective" and intuitive evaluation methods such as peer review that have been used since scientific papers were first published in the seventeenth century. In this book, Yves Gingras offers a spirited argument against an unquestioning reliance on bibliometrics as an indicator of research quality. Gingras shows that bibliometric rankings have no real scientific validity, rarely measuring what they pretend to.Although the study of publication and citation patterns, at the proper scales, can yield insights on the global dynamics of science over time, ill-defined quantitative indicators often generate perverse and unintended effects on the direction of research. Moreover, abuse of bibliometrics occurs when data is manipulated to boost rankings. Gingras looks at the politics of evaluation and argues that using numbers can be a way to control scientists and diminish their autonomy in the evaluation process. Proposing precise criteria for establishing the validity of indicators at a given scale of analysis, Gingras questions why universities are so eager to let invalid indicators influence their research strategy.
This book is on page /0fb06c92acf561788291222b8bb2eff7/book/1603777055-9780262035125. It was written by the following authors: Yves Gingras, Kristin Loberg, David Perlmutter. Book Bibliometrics and Research Evaluation: Uses and Abuses - History and Foundations of Information Science, which can be read online, published by the company: Brown & Company, Little, MIT Press Ltd. Other books on similar topics can be found in sections: Drink, Society, Food, Medicine, Politics, Health, Lifestyle, Technology, Science, Education, Reference, Language. The book was published on 2016-10-07 00:00:00. It has 136 pages and is published in Hardback format and weight 318 g. File for download Bibliometrics and Research Evaluation: Uses and Abuses - History and Foundations of Information Science has PDF format and is called bibliometrics-and-research-evaluation-uses-and-abuses-history-and-foundations-of-information-science.pdf. Other books you can download below. Our poumm.fr site is not responsible for the content of PDF files.
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